What are Vedas :-
In the Indo Aryan Civilization, Vedas are regarded to be among the earliest of literary records. They are also considered the most sacred texts by the Indian people. Their content is spiritual knowledge about every aspect of like. Also, they are the original scriptures of Hindu religion. These Vedic teachings have stood the test of times and are considered the highest religious authority for Hindus belonging to various sections. Also, these teachings apply to mankind in general and hence their universal appeal to several scholars beyond geographical, ethnical and linguistic boundaries. Here is some basic information about Vedas, their meaning, origin, classifications that someone who is interested in learning about Vedas might benefit from.
Veda in its essence means vision, knowledge or wisdom and it is considered to be the manifestation of gods’ language in the speech of humans. The Vedas contain domestic, religious, social and legal customs of the Hindus and they regulate these laws even in the modern days. The duties of Hindus designated to them at various junctures of their lives like birth, death, marriage etc find their origin in the Vedic ritual. These are the thoughts and views of several generations compiled together and hence are multi layered. They are rich in both religious and philosophical readings and hence form an interesting read for inter disciplinary scholars.
The origins of Vedas still remain a mystery. These are known to be the earliest documentations of human thoughts. Ancient Hindus did not have records of their political, literary or religious realization and hence it is quite difficult to trace the origin of Vedas with accuracy. Historians have several guesses but none of it is accurate. It is also believed that Vedas were not composed by Humans but they were handed down from Gods to Sages or seers. This is the general belief about Vedic Hymns. As for the absolute truth, it still remains in question and in ambiguity.
Vedas are mainly classified into four categories namely: the Rig Veda, the Yajur Veda, the Atharva Veda and Sama Veda. They are also collectively known by the name Chaturveda. The Rig, Sama and Yajur agree as far as language, form and content goes. Each Veda is composed of four distinct parts namely: the hymns being Samhitas, the rituals being the Brahmanas, the theologies being Aranyakas and the Philosophies being Upanishads. Upanishads also form the end of the Vedas and therefore also known as Vedanta. They are the essence of the Vedic Teachings. Vedas also deal with mysticism and symbolism.
Vedas are not understood by everyone today and they are seldom read. However, they have formed the bedrock of universal Hindu teachings. They have been a guiding light for all religious pursuits and would continue to remain so for generations to come. Hence, they are rightly named and worshipped as the mother of all scriptures. Their validity is almost never questioned and they are only regarded with reverence by those who study them closely and those who admire them from distance.